ABOUT NINDO SHAHER (UC)

          NINDO SHAHER is a Union Council Situated in Badin Taluka, District Badin, the population is around 1500-2000.

NINDO SHAHER  is a Union Council Situated in Badin Taluka, District Badin, the population is around 1500-2000. This is old town and its history dates back to the period of Sama dynasty of Sindh. The name Nindo is from Jam Nizamuddin Samoo.                                  The lake surrounding Nindo Shaher is from the days of Madad Khan Phathan. The total population including surrounding areas is 10,000.

2.1     Brief Description of District & Taluka

 

2.2.      District Badin

2.3       Taluka Badin

According to the District Census Report of 1998, Taluka Badin.

  1. Consists of 12 union council, 143 Dehs, and 1,056 villages.
  2. The literacy ratio in rural and urban area respectively is 2,084 sq Km.
  3. In all 289,259 souls are living in the Taluka, whereas the children having aged 5-9 are 59,284.
  4. In all 614 are government primary schools for boys and 64 schools for girls.
  5. The total Enrollment in boy’s school is 20,225 and girl’s school is 12,504.

2.4       Objectives of the Union Council Profile

The Union council profile is mainly prepared to collect and disseminate information on available resources with its characteristics, availability of socio infrastructure, needs assessment of the communities and funding ways and means to inter-link population with other development efforts at community level. s

2.5       Methodology

The field team has collected information / data on various socio-economic and technique indicators for the report from the secondary as well primary sources. The brief description is presented below.

2.6       Secondary Source

The relevant record / data information of the union council has been gathered through consultations with stakeholders and referring different data books from different offices like; Taluka . Union Council, revenue and education. In addition, the various publications of the provincial and federal government like District Census Report (DCR), 1998, have also been referred.

2.7       Primary Source

The primary data have been gathered by team through extensive field visits. They have undertaken field work for collection of information through pre-tested questionnaires by visiting all the villages and meeting with the village’s activists. The copy of the questionnaire is presented as Annex No__.

3          Physical Situation of Union Council Nindo

The data so collected were analyzed and have been presented in the following paragraphs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1       Geographical Distribution

Union Council Nindo Shaher Lies in the southeast headquarter Badin. It is bounded on the west by union council Abdullah Shah, on the southeast by union council Mithi 111, on the east by union council Khoski of Taluka Tando Bago and on the north union council Pahar Mari of Taluka Tando Bago. The Map of Union Council is presented as under.

3.2       Castes / Races

The main races / casts of union council Nindo Shaher are Abbasi, Abra, Bajeej, Bheel, Chandia, Chulgeri, Farooqi, Hajam, Jamali, Karia, Khaskheli, Khatti, Khawaja, Kolhi, Khumbhar, Lohar, Mallah, Meghwar, Memon, Maganhar, Muradani, Nohria, Panhwer, Punjabi, Qazi, Sheedi, Shekari, Soomra, Wanria, and Wadha.

 

3.3       Population

The population situation of an area helps to set development strategies. The development plans are carried out by considering the population and household size. The population of Union Council is increasing with the passage of time as compared to the utilization of natural resources and availability of new job opportunities. The main factors of rapid increase in population growth are low rate of use of contraceptive methods and unavailability of socio-economic activities. Contraceptive prevalence Rate (CPR)  in the district Badin is only 15.1 percent ( Population Data sheet, Nips2001). The total population of the union council Nindo Shaher was 24,275 in 1998 according to the census report. In the light of percent survey of household and data gathered from the villages, the population of the Union Council has been increased to  27,366 in 2003 (gig. 3.2). This needs more investigation and planning for maintaining the equilibrium between pace of population growth and socio economic infrastructure.

3.4       Villages & Dehs

The Villages of Union Council Nindo Shaher is established on the basis of family relation and cultural groups. Majority of the people of the villages are associated with agricultural enterprises and providing food and raw material for agro based industries. There are 73 villages and 10 Dehs in the entire Union Council Nindo Shaher.

Numbers of Villages in Various Dehs

 

S.#

Name of Dehs

Number of Villages

# of Household s

1

Nindo Shaher

 

2

Siyalki

 

3

Gujjo

 

4

Panhwerki

 

5

Dasti

 

6

Khakhar

 

7

Khalso

 

8

Murkha

 

9

Angri

 

10

Bhumbki

 

 

 

3.5       Households

The Shelter is predominant requirement of human being amongst the other basic needs. The level of poverty and development could be judged by the construction of housing units. There are 4,561 housing units for 27, 366 persons in 2003.  The household size in the union council is 6 persons. This needs more investigation to confirm the population in each household. Approximately 94 percent housing units are katcha and about six (06) percent housing units are pacca (fg. 3.3). The poor conditions of housing units show the low standard of living and also indicate that majority of the people are poor.

4.       Economic Scenario

4.1              Agricultural

The study reveals that almost 83.6 percent of population of District Badin is living in rural areas and farming is there main occupation. Similarly, cultivation of land is also a predominant of the people of union council Nindo Shaher. Beside this, livestock and fishing are other supporting economic source. In the light of present study more than 79 present housing units are engaged with agricultural sector. Farmers of the union council are applying fertilizes, pesticides and capital-intensive inputs like tractors and harvesters to improve the agricultural productivity. Improve the agricultural productivity. Major crops of the union council Nindo Shaher are rice and Sugarcanes.

4.2       Government Services

It is know fact that the educational attainment level and literacy rate of the entire District of Badin and union council Nindo Shaher is lower as compared to other parts of province. Consequently, there is very small proportion ( 05 percent) of households have employment in various government services in union council Nindo Shaher for 2003 as investigated from the field.

4.3       Privates Services and Laborers

Like the district, Union Council Nindo Shaher is basically agricultural area. It is found that there is no sugar mill in this U/C, however, there are six (06) rice husking mills and fifteen (15) small flour mills available in the Union Council. The list of villages where rice mills provide jobs to the communities for a specific season. The survey indicators that about three (03) percent household are employed in the private sector, whereas, 12 percent working as laborers on daily basis.

Villages having Rice Husking Mills and Small Flour Mills

 

S.# Village Deh
1 Qazi Rice Mills Nindo Shaher Nindo
2 Jafferi Rice Mills Nindo Shaher Nindo
3 Ahmed Rice Mills Nindo Shaher Nindo
4 Khaskheli Rice Mill Nindo
5 Hyder Rice Mills  Nindo Shaher Nindo
6 Memon Rice Mills Nindo Nindo

Smalls Flour Mills

1 Village Nindo Nindo
2 Village Rajo Jamali Murkha
3 Village Suni Guni Siyalki
4 Village Bachal Nohrio Siyalki
5 Village Allah Jurio Mallah Nindo
6 Village Misri Dal Gujjo
7 Village Abdul Rehman Buledi Gujjo
8 Village Faiz Muhammad Junijo Khalso
9 Village Hayat Solangi Khakhar
10 Village Noor Khan Khoso Khakhar
11 Village Vikio Khaskheli Khalso
12 Village Jummon Mallah Khalso
13 Village Allah Rakiyo Bhurgeri Bhumbki
14 Village Gainwer  Khan Khoso Khakhar
15 Village Hafiz Hussain Bajeer Khakhar

4.4       Business in Village  

In each village small, medium and large kiryana shop are common amongst the business categories followed by cabin, tea, hotel, tailoring, and shoes makers etc. Table ____ show the business categories in all villages.

Distribution of Business by type in all the villages.

 

S.# Description Villages
1 Kiryana 142
2 Tea Hotel 25
3 Cloths store 13
4 Carpenter 49
5 Tailoring 23
6 Barber 7
7 Dry Cleaner 5
8 Iron Smith 19
9 Shoes Maker 14
10 Cabin 47
11 Mechanics 8

5.       Natural Resources Management

5.1       Cultivated & Uncultivated Area

It has found that about 79 percent household are directly engaged in farming in union council Nindo Shaher like entire district Badin. The total agricultural land of the union council Nindo Shaher 5,920 acres (2,379) out of which about 3,000 (51 percent) acres of land is under cultivation whereas 2,920 (49 percent) is either barren, under forestry or cultural waste land.

This sector needs immediate efforts for bringing un-cultivable land under plough.

5.2       Irrigation

Ali Wah (Canal) takes off from PhuleliCanal is the main source of the irrigation to irrigate the agriculture lands of entire union council.

5.3       Major Crops

The pattern of crops varies from place. The agricultural land of Nindo Shaher is most suitable for the cultivation of sugarcane and rice. Sugarcane is the major crops followed by rice in entire union council. Fodder, jowar, tomato, chilies, and the some extent wheat is also being cultivated.

5.4       Agricultural Problems

The following agricultural problems have been perceived by the farming communities in the area.

  1. Lake of knowledge regarding proper use of application.
  2. Water logging & Salinity.
  3. Shortage of irrigation water.
  4. Poor marketing system.
  5. Lack of capital and credit facility for purchasing input.
  6. Lake of farm to market roads.

 

5.5       Livestock

To Support the agricultural income and rural marker most of the rural populace keeps some of the livestock. Apart from the cultivation of land, livestock plays pivotal role for the development of socio-economic condition of the people.

Its products like milk, butter, curd and meat are traditionally an essential part of food consumption. Livestock is one of the major sub-sectors of the agriculture and contributes significant share in the total share of agriculture in the GDP. Its by products including hides and skin are also substantial source of income.

It is found that rearing of cattle is an inherited supporting profession of the people of Nindo Shaher. There are 9,015 buffaloes / cows, goats /sheep in the Union Council in 2003. Communities’ interviews have perceived the following problems livestock.

1. Non-availability of veterinary centers in the villages.

2. Lake of vaccination.

3. Non-availability of dairy farms.

4. Lack of training in livestock breeding and management.

 

 

6.         Village Infrastructure

The Living standard and level of development of the rural populace can be judged from the available infrastructure in the village. The present study show that most of the villages are deprived of basic infrastructure facilities.

6.1       Communication

Among others, communication sector considered as an important factors in the socio-economic development of an area. It is also considered as an important agent for sustainable development. As a matter of fact, the communication sector is improved to some extent in urban areas but the rural area needs support in this venture.

It is found that more than 79 percent of households of the union council Nindo Shaher are engaged with agriculture. They need strong communication / transpiration system to bring their agricultural goods to market. The communication sector can be divided into following sub sectors.

  1. Transpiration
  2. Media
  3. Postal Services
  4. Internet
  5. Tele Phone / Telecommunication

6.2       Transportation

The Sustainable economic development of the area is closely linked to the effectiveness of its transport system transport is also an integral part of almost all daily substance and social activities. The major components of transpiration are road and railway.

1-                  Road

Road transport facilities have culminated in the quick traveling and transportation. Roads enable the people to participate in social and political activities and providing  the accessibility to reduce time  and money. With out better roads the sustainable development cannot be achieved and the people would not be easily able to accumulate enough human, physical, financial, and social assets to move ahead. Road therefore, is playing an integral part of an area poverty reduction strategy. Poverty is associated with very low income and consumption and is manifested in many dimensions, malnutrition, illiteracy, vulnerability, physical isolation and political and social exclusion. Each of these dimensions tends to reinforce the others and they share important transport / road linkage.

The study reveals that road facility in union council Nindo Shaher is quite unsatisfactory. Most of the villages are not linked with main pacca roads. Out of  73 villages, 10 villages (06 percent) are facilitated with pacca link roads. These roads provide the transport facility to 1,236 household (27 percent) of total household of the union council (Annex-….). This sector needs improvement so that the majority of the people of rural areas can avail the access of easy transpiration from farm to market.

2-                  Pacca Streets

One of the indicators for the model villages is pacca streets available in the village. It has been found that the condition of streets in all the villages is worst except only union council Nindo Shaher headquarter has pacca streets. The local Government may take serious in the betterment of streets of various villages.

3-                  Railways

The District Badin is connected by railways line but union council Nindo Shaher has not been facilitated by the Pakistan Railways.

4-                  Internet

Internet Facility is available in the Union Council Nindo Shaher.

6.3       Media

The electronic media including radio, television, videocassette recorder, cable system, and print media including newspaper, books, pamphlets, brochure, magazines etc. are massive source of communication.

It has been found that in Nindo Shaher union council radio and television sets are available with hundreds of households. In case of print media no any news paper or magazines being published from union council Nindo Shaher. However, Sindhi newspaper Kawish, Tameer-e-Sindh, Koshish, and shaam, and Urdu jang, and English Dawn are being circulated among the literate population. Threes papers are procured by individuals and schools, officials of local and government department and CBOs. These papers are generally available in small hotels in town.

6.4       Postal Services

Postal services play a vital role in a communication system. This system is being used since Stone Age in different modes. Now a day, this sector has become most advanced. During the present study only one post office found in the entire union council headquarters.

This facility its busy to provide the postal services to all households of 4,561 of the union council. This sector also needs immediate improvement so that significant proportion of people could be facilitated.

 

6.5       Telephone / Telecommunication

Telephone plays a significant role in communication. According the information providing by telephone exchange office, Taluka Badin, there are only four government public call office (PCO) in entire union council Nindo Shaher.  The PCO are located in the villages Nindo Shaher, Village Yar Muhammad Bhurgeri, Sono Khan Siyal, and Allah Jurio Durs. Following Table show the PCO facility available in the village.

 

Availability of PCOs in the Villages

 

S.#

Name of Village

Deh

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

6.6       Electricity

The leading demand of modern world is an availability of electricity. Majority of machinery works and communication system are being performed with the help of electricity. In the modern era electricity is concomitant towards the strong and sustainable development.

The availability of the facility at the village level is also poor. Only 24 villages (17 percent) are using electricity as source of lighting whereas rests of the villages are using kerosene oil as the source of lighting. This facility provides the lighting to 1,898 Households. The list of villages’ facilities with electricity is presented as Annex —-. This situation needs immediate improvement.

6.7       Water supply / Drinking Water

Water is the basic requirement for living things. Without water particularly pure drinking purpose, these is no life. It has been investigated that the union council Nindo Shaher is badly effected by the water logging and salinity. There is no purpose drainage system for water logging; consequently both the agricultural land and quality of drinking water are being affected. It is found that majority (about 86 percent) of villages is using drinking water from canal or ponds. Public Health & Engineering Department has provided the water supply in ……… Villages (about 3 percent) and also has provided the water tanks to two (02) villages (about 2 percent) over all the union council.  Around 966 household (21 percent) have access to drinking water from these facilities.

Water supply schemes and water Tanks

 

S.#

Name of Village Deh

Deh

 

Water Supply Schemes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Tanks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.       Social Scenario of the Union Council

 

7.1       Education

Education has a strong effect on improving personal and family welfare. The higher  a man / woman goes  in the educational ladder, the better he / she and his / her family score in most health and family welfare indicators. Both man and woman who obtain more education are more likely to work in skilled occupations, have greater access to media services, have lower fertility levels, have greater awareness of sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, and their children are less likely to die at a young age. It is constitutional commitment of the government to provide the educational facilities to entire population. It is considered as a key agent for sound socio-economic development. It is as important parameter for determining the social and +demographic behavior of the people of a country. Education brings advancement in the daily life of people. Uneducated society has never achieved heights of economic development and political power.

7.2       Primary Schools

The study reveals that there are 52 primary schools for boys and two (02) primary schools for girls i.e. Nindo Shaher Deh Nindo and Hafiz Hussain Bajeer Deh Khakhar. The list of villages having boys’ schools is presented as Annex ——. However, it has also been found that in 86 percent girls students are enrolled in boy’s primary schools. Some of the schools face shortage of furniture, non availability of both male and female teachers and lake of room’s schools buildings. The number of girls’ primary schools is very minimal as compared to boys’ schools. This trend shows the gender differential in the education system, therefore special efforts may be made to improve this situation. It is that in all 4,004 children of ages 5-9 in all the villages of U/C Nindo Shaher. Out of these, 1,810 (45 percent) are enrolled in primary schools, whereas the rest (55 percent) children are out of school (Figs 7.1 and 7.2). The list is presented as Annex ———……

7.3              Middle Schools

The data show that middle schools are available only in ——- villages i.e. 1    2    3    4   5

7.4       High Schools

It has been found that only two (02) separate high schools for male and female are available in the UC Nindo.

7.5       Intermediate / Degree Collage

Intermediate / degree collage building under Construction,  Classes will be start in August 2007..

7.6              Private School.

It has been found that only one private school namely Merhan Public School  is available in the  U/C Nindo  Shaher.

7.7       Police Post

It has been found that only one Police Post  is available in the  U/C Nindo  Shaher.

8.         Health Facilities

Technological revolution in medical science has eradicated many life taking diseases that was not possible in past. The identification and treatment of simplest disease were very hard before the advancement in medical science. Health facilities are not only essential for diseases free environment to live but a proper care of health is perfectly increasing the efficiency and productivity of individuals. The parameters determining the state of health of people could be judged by the availability of clean drinking water, sanitation facilities, existence of medical units and maternity facilities. Proper and sufficient health facilities are playing an important role in both in both social as well as economical development.

While investigating the availability of health services in the Union Council, it has found that surprisingly only one (01) Basic Health Unit (BHU) is available in entire union council Nindo Shaher whereas one (01) dispensary is working in village Budho Dastti. There is no any Mother and ChildHealthCenter in the union Council. The health of people will further worsen if the immediate efforts are not taken to improve health facilities as to coincide with growing rate of population.

8.1       Religious Institution

Religious institutions are the Holy places where people come to worship and learn the teaching of religion. All kind of religion have there own places for worship. It is found in the present study that there are —— Mosques, ——– Imam Bargahas and —— one Eid Gagahas are available in UC Nindo.

A View of an old beautiful mosque constructed some one hundred years ago. The mosque is located in XYZVillage.

  1. 9.                  Community Based Organization

To empower the rural communities, the presence of community Based Organization (CBOs) plays an important role which lead to sustainable development for the area. These types of Organization are strengthening development approaches by making the people self reliance, aware them for the identification and possible solution of problems through collective efforts. It has been found that there are only two (02) ——– male community organization (MCO) and —– Female community organization (FCO). Table XYZ present CBOs in the different Villages.

Table XYZ CBOs in Different villages

9.1           Citizen Community Boards

10.     Local Government Plan 2000

 

10.1     An Overview of the Local Government Plan 2000

The session describes an overview of devolution plan for working at the grassroots level replacing the old system of government. It is noted that in the previous system of government at the local level. The province governs the district and Taluka directly through the bureaucracy at the division, district and Taluka levels and the local government for towns and cities exists separately from those of the rural areas. The provincial bureaucratic setup are the designated controlling authorities of the local government, and tend to understand and over ride them a colonial engender rural- urban antagonism, while the role of the administrations as controlling authorities, and accentuates the rural-urban divide.

On 14 Th August 2000 the Chief Executive of Pakistan announced an ambitious plan for the devolution of power to local government within the country. The basic principle of Devolution Plan, which was prepared by the Natural Reconstructions Bureau (NRB), which is people and service centered, and aims to carry government down to grass-roots level. The mechanisms include a bottom-up methodology, consensus building, ownership, promotion and issues- based politics.

The present local government integrated the rural with urban local government on one hand, and the bureaucracy with the local government on the other, into the elected Chief Executive of the district Citizen monitoring by elected representative, the civil society involvement with development, and a system of effective checks and balances, completes the hand core of the political structure and system of local government.

The present local government +design is based on five fundamentals;

1-     Devolution of political power.

2-     Decentralization of administrative authority.

3-     Decentralization of management function.

4-     Diffusion of the power authority nexus; and

5-     Distribution of resources to the district level.

It is designed to ensure that the genuine of the people are served and their rights are safeguarded. The new system will create an enabling environment in which the people can start participatory in community welfare and be the masters of their own destiny.

Financial resources are divided / distributed to local government through based provincial fiscal transfer’s and decentralization of specified taxation powers. Prescribed lists of taxes is prepared within the framework of provincial fiscal transfers to district. This enables the local government to affect credible development and services delivery. At the district level, various numbers of people are made available for smooth functioning of this newly established system. (Table Show)

District Level Members

 

S.# Description Numbers
District Nazim 1
District Naib Nazim 1
District Council Members 69
Taluka Nazim 5
Taluka Naib Nazim 5
Taluka Council Members 75
Nazim Union Council 49
Naib Nazim Union Council 49
Union Council Members 1,029

10.2     District Administration Setup

According to the local Government Plan 2000, the Zila Nazim is the executive head of the district and the district. District Co-ordination Officer (DCO) coordinates the district administration. There are twelve departments in the district government. The district administration structure in given below.

 

10.3     District Administration Structure

Naib Nazim Aala

Naib Nazim Aala

 

 

 

 

The Zill (District) government includes the Nazim (Administrator) and Naib Nazim (Deputy Administrator) of the Zila Council and responsible for the district administration. The Nazim Aala assisted by Naib Nazim, is the executive head of the district and the administration but police is not responsible to him. They are indirectly elected as joint candidates. All heads of the union council in the district automatically become members of the District Council. The Zila Nazim and Naib Nazim are elected by the Union Council members of the district.

 

10.4     Structure of District Council Badin 

The members of general seats in the Zila Council depend on the members of union council in the district, in addition of the general seats. The Zila Council have (33 present) of its seats reserved for women, five (05) percent for workers / peasant and five (05) percent for minorities.

 

 

All union councilors of the district are Electoral College for these reserved seats.

 

10.5     Zila Council

Zila Council performs the following important functions.

1-      Legislature

Levying of taxes as per list of district taxes given in the local Government Ordinance 2000 raising or lowering existing taxes and making by laws; rules and procedures applicable to local Government.

2-      Monitoring

Through a specialized committee system the Zila Council monitors the district administration, which constitution many Monitoring Committees such as the number of offices in the district administration. In addition, there is an Ethics Committee, a Justice Committee and a Sports Committee.

3-      Approval of Budget and Development Plans.

The Zila Council approves district annual development plans and budget presented by the district administration under the direction of the Zila Nazim.

11.1     Taluka Council Government.

The Taluka (Sub-District) government includes the Taluka Nazim, the Naib Taluka Nazim, the Taluka Council and the Taluka administration. The Taluka Council comprises Taluka under the Nazim, there is a Taluka Municipal Officer (TMO) who co-ordinates the Taluka administration. There are five (05) Taluka Officers (TO) reporting to the TMO, each is responsible for finance, budget and accounts; municipal standards and co-ordination, land control; and rural-urban planning. In Badin District there are five Taluka Councils.

  1. Taluka Badin
  2. Taluka Matli
  3. Taluka Tando Bago
  4. Taluka Golarchi
  5. Taluka Talhar

Taluka Council Consists of a number of committees for monitoring of the performance of the Taluka administration and Taluka level offices of the District Government. Taluka Nazim is the Executive head of the Taluka Government, while the Naib Nazim acts as the convener of the Taluka Council.

11.2          Structure of Taluka Council

 

 

11.3         Function of Taluka Council

11.4         The Union Council

11.5         Structure of Union council

12.1                Function of the Union Council

  1. The Union Council carry out their function through the Union Government and the Monitoring Committees. At a Minimum there is Monitoring Committee for municipal services, finance, public, safety, health, education, literacy, works and services and justices.
  2. All Union Councils undertake local level development project and monitoring citizens rights, security and services.
  3. The Union Council s levy taxes from specified list.
  4. The union council may perform the function related to conciliation of dispute in civil, criminal and family matters.

In union council Nindo Shaher has one Nazim ( Mr. Javed Ali Khaskheli) Naib Nazim ( Karim Dino Nohrio) & 19  Councilors. The complete list is presented as Annex——-.

12.2    Annexes

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